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[转贴] VBS脚本SendKeys的 Virtual-Key Codes 十六进制符号

下表显示了十六进制符号常量名,由系统所使用的虚拟键码和鼠标或键盘等值。这些代码数字顺序列出。

Constants

    VK_LBUTTON (0x01)
        Left mouse button

    VK_RBUTTON (0x02)
        Right mouse button

    VK_CANCEL (0x03)
        Control-break processing

    VK_MBUTTON (0x04)
        Middle mouse button (three-button mouse)

    VK_XBUTTON1 (0x05)
        Windows 2000/XP: X1 mouse button

    VK_XBUTTON2 (0x06)
        Windows 2000/XP: X2 mouse button

    - (0x07)
        Undefined

    VK_BACK (0x08)
        BACKSPACE key

    VK_TAB (0x09)
        TAB key

    - (0x0A-0B)
        Reserved

    VK_CLEAR (0x0C)
        CLEAR key

    VK_RETURN (0x0D)
        ENTER key

    - (0x0E-0F)
        Undefined

    VK_SHIFT (0x10)
        SHIFT key

    VK_CONTROL (0x11)
        CTRL key

    VK_MENU (0x12)
        ALT key

    VK_PAUSE (0x13)
        PAUSE key

    VK_CAPITAL (0x14)
        CAPS LOCK key

    VK_KANA (0x15)
        Input Method Editor (IME) Kana mode

    VK_HANGUEL (0x15)
        IME Hanguel mode (maintained for compatibility; use VK_HANGUL)

    VK_HANGUL (0x15)
        IME Hangul mode

    - (0x16)
        Undefined

    VK_JUNJA (0x17)
        IME Junja mode

    VK_FINAL (0x18)
        IME final mode

    VK_HANJA (0x19)
        IME Hanja mode

    VK_KANJI (0x19)
        IME Kanji mode

    - (0x1A)
        Undefined

    VK_ESCAPE (0x1B)
        ESC key

    VK_CONVERT (0x1C)
        IME convert

    VK_NONCONVERT (0x1D)
        IME nonconvert

    VK_ACCEPT (0x1E)
        IME accept

    VK_MODECHANGE (0x1F)
        IME mode change request

    VK_SPACE (0x20)
        SPACEBAR

    VK_PRIOR (0x21)
        PAGE UP key

    VK_NEXT (0x22)
        PAGE DOWN key

    VK_END (0x23)
        END key

    VK_HOME (0x24)
        HOME key

    VK_LEFT (0x25)
        LEFT ARROW key

    VK_UP (0x26)
        UP ARROW key

    VK_RIGHT (0x27)
        RIGHT ARROW key

    VK_DOWN (0x28)
        DOWN ARROW key

    VK_SELECT (0x29)
        SELECT key

    VK_PRINT (0x2A)
        PRINT key

    VK_EXECUTE (0x2B)
        EXECUTE key

    VK_SNAPSHOT (0x2C)
        PRINT SCREEN key

    VK_INSERT (0x2D)
        INS key

    VK_DELETE (0x2E)
        DEL key

    VK_HELP (0x2F)
        HELP key

    (0x30)
        0 key

    (0x31)
        1 key

    (0x32)
        2 key

    (0x33)
        3 key

    (0x34)
        4 key

    (0x35)
        5 key

    (0x36)
        6 key

    (0x37)
        7 key

    (0x38)
        8 key

    (0x39)
        9 key

    - (0x3A-40)
        Undefined

    (0x41)
        A key

    (0x42)
        B key

    (0x43)
        C key

    (0x44)
        D key

    (0x45)
        E key

    (0x46)
        F key

    (0x47)
        G key

    (0x48)
        H key

    (0x49)
        I key

    (0x4A)
        J key

    (0x4B)
        K key

    (0x4C)
        L key

    (0x4D)
        M key

    (0x4E)
        N key

    (0x4F)
        O key

    (0x50)
        P key

    (0x51)
        Q key

    (0x52)
        R key

    (0x53)
        S key

    (0x54)
        T key

    (0x55)
        U key

    (0x56)
        V key

    (0x57)
        W key

    (0x58)
        X key

    (0x59)
        Y key

    (0x5A)
        Z key

    VK_LWIN (0x5B)
        Left Windows key (Microsoft Natural keyboard)

    VK_RWIN (0x5C)
        Right Windows key (Natural keyboard)

    VK_APPS (0x5D)
        Applications key (Natural keyboard)

    - (0x5E)
        Reserved

    VK_SLEEP (0x5F)
        Computer Sleep key

    VK_NUMPAD0 (0x60)
        Numeric keypad 0 key

    VK_NUMPAD1 (0x61)
        Numeric keypad 1 key

    VK_NUMPAD2 (0x62)
        Numeric keypad 2 key

    VK_NUMPAD3 (0x63)
        Numeric keypad 3 key

    VK_NUMPAD4 (0x64)
        Numeric keypad 4 key

    VK_NUMPAD5 (0x65)
        Numeric keypad 5 key

    VK_NUMPAD6 (0x66)
        Numeric keypad 6 key

    VK_NUMPAD7 (0x67)
        Numeric keypad 7 key

    VK_NUMPAD8 (0x68)
        Numeric keypad 8 key

    VK_NUMPAD9 (0x69)
        Numeric keypad 9 key

    VK_MULTIPLY (0x6A)
        Multiply key

    VK_ADD (0x6B)
        Add key

    VK_SEPARATOR (0x6C)
        Separator key

    VK_SUBTRACT (0x6D)
        Subtract key

    VK_DECIMAL (0x6E)
        Decimal key

    VK_DIVIDE (0x6F)
        Divide key

    VK_F1 (0x70)
        F1 key

    VK_F2 (0x71)
        F2 key

    VK_F3 (0x72)
        F3 key

    VK_F4 (0x73)
        F4 key

    VK_F5 (0x74)
        F5 key

    VK_F6 (0x75)
        F6 key

    VK_F7 (0x76)
        F7 key

    VK_F8 (0x77)
        F8 key

    VK_F9 (0x78)
        F9 key

    VK_F10 (0x79)
        F10 key

    VK_F11 (0x7A)
        F11 key

    VK_F12 (0x7B)
        F12 key

    VK_F13 (0x7C)
        F13 key

    VK_F14 (0x7D)
        F14 key

    VK_F15 (0x7E)
        F15 key

    VK_F16 (0x7F)
        F16 key

    VK_F17 (0x80H)
        F17 key

    VK_F18 (0x81H)
        F18 key

    VK_F19 (0x82H)
        F19 key

    VK_F20 (0x83H)
        F20 key

    VK_F21 (0x84H)
        F21 key

    VK_F22 (0x85H)
        F22 key

    VK_F23 (0x86H)
        F23 key

    VK_F24 (0x87H)
        F24 key

    - (0x88-8F)
        Unassigned

    VK_NUMLOCK (0x90)
        NUM LOCK key

    VK_SCROLL (0x91)
        SCROLL LOCK key

    (0x92-96)
        OEM specific

    - (0x97-9F)
        Unassigned

    VK_LSHIFT (0xA0)
        Left SHIFT key

    VK_RSHIFT (0xA1)
        Right SHIFT key

    VK_LCONTROL (0xA2)
        Left CONTROL key

    VK_RCONTROL (0xA3)
        Right CONTROL key

    VK_LMENU (0xA4)
        Left MENU key

    VK_RMENU (0xA5)
        Right MENU key

    VK_BROWSER_BACK (0xA6)
        Windows 2000/XP: Browser Back key

    VK_BROWSER_FORWARD (0xA7)
        Windows 2000/XP: Browser Forward key

    VK_BROWSER_REFRESH (0xA8)
        Windows 2000/XP: Browser Refresh key

    VK_BROWSER_STOP (0xA9)
        Windows 2000/XP: Browser Stop key

    VK_BROWSER_SEARCH (0xAA)
        Windows 2000/XP: Browser Search key

    VK_BROWSER_FAVORITES (0xAB)
        Windows 2000/XP: Browser Favorites key

    VK_BROWSER_HOME (0xAC)
        Windows 2000/XP: Browser Start and Home key

    VK_VOLUME_MUTE (0xAD)
        Windows 2000/XP: Volume Mute key

    VK_VOLUME_DOWN (0xAE)
        Windows 2000/XP: Volume Down key

    VK_VOLUME_UP (0xAF)
        Windows 2000/XP: Volume Up key

    VK_MEDIA_NEXT_TRACK (0xB0)
        Windows 2000/XP: Next Track key

    VK_MEDIA_PREV_TRACK (0xB1)
        Windows 2000/XP: Previous Track key

    VK_MEDIA_STOP (0xB2)
        Windows 2000/XP: Stop Media key

    VK_MEDIA_PLAY_PAUSE (0xB3)
        Windows 2000/XP: Play/Pause Media key

    VK_LAUNCH_MAIL (0xB4)
        Windows 2000/XP: Start Mail key

    VK_LAUNCH_MEDIA_SELECT (0xB5)
        Windows 2000/XP: Select Media key

    VK_LAUNCH_APP1 (0xB6)
        Windows 2000/XP: Start Application 1 key

    VK_LAUNCH_APP2 (0xB7)
        Windows 2000/XP: Start Application 2 key

    - (0xB8-B9)
        Reserved

    VK_OEM_1 (0xBA)
        Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

        Windows 2000/XP: For the US standard keyboard, the ';:' key

    VK_OEM_PLUS (0xBB)
        Windows 2000/XP: For any country/region, the '+' key

    VK_OEM_COMMA (0xBC)
        Windows 2000/XP: For any country/region, the ',' key

    VK_OEM_MINUS (0xBD)
        Windows 2000/XP: For any country/region, the '-' key

    VK_OEM_PERIOD (0xBE)
        Windows 2000/XP: For any country/region, the '.' key

    VK_OEM_2 (0xBF)
        Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

        Windows 2000/XP: For the US standard keyboard, the '/?' key

    VK_OEM_3 (0xC0)
        Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

        Windows 2000/XP: For the US standard keyboard, the '`~' key

    - (0xC1-D7)
        Reserved

    - (0xD8-DA)
        Unassigned

    VK_OEM_4 (0xDB)
        Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

        Windows 2000/XP: For the US standard keyboard, the '[{' key

    VK_OEM_5 (0xDC)
        Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

        Windows 2000/XP: For the US standard keyboard, the '\|' key

    VK_OEM_6 (0xDD)
        Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

        Windows 2000/XP: For the US standard keyboard, the ']}' key

    VK_OEM_7 (0xDE)
        Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

        Windows 2000/XP: For the US standard keyboard, the 'single-quote/double-quote' key

    VK_OEM_8 (0xDF)
        Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

    - (0xE0)
        Reserved

    (0xE1)
        OEM specific

    VK_OEM_102 (0xE2)
        Windows 2000/XP: Either the angle bracket key or the backslash key on the RT 102-key keyboard

    (0xE3-E4)
        OEM specific

    VK_PROCESSKEY (0xE5)
        Windows 95/98/Me, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000/XP: IME PROCESS key

    (0xE6)
        OEM specific

    VK_PACKET (0xE7)
        Windows 2000/XP: Used to pass Unicode characters as if they were keystrokes. The VK_PACKET key is the low word of a 32-bit Virtual Key value used for non-keyboard input methods. For more information, see Remark in KEYBDINPUT, SendInput, WM_KEYDOWN, and WM_KEYUP

    - (0xE8)
        Unassigned

    (0xE9-F5)
        OEM specific

    VK_ATTN (0xF6)
        Attn key

    VK_CRSEL (0xF7)
        CrSel key

    VK_EXSEL (0xF8)
        ExSel key

    VK_EREOF (0xF9)
        Erase EOF key

    VK_PLAY (0xFA)
        Play key

    VK_ZOOM (0xFB)
        Zoom key

    VK_NONAME (0xFC)
        Reserved

    VK_PA1 (0xFD)
        PA1 key

    VK_OEM_CLEAR (0xFE)
        Clear key


至于具体十六进制数代表什么功能,我在MSDN找到了答案。
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms645540(VS.85).aspx)

下面摘录一段:

VK_BROWSER_BACK (0xA6)
Windows 2000/XP: Browser Back key

VK_BROWSER_FORWARD (0xA7)
Windows 2000/XP: Browser Forward key

VK_BROWSER_REFRESH (0xA8)
Windows 2000/XP: Browser Refresh key

VK_BROWSER_STOP (0xA9)
Windows 2000/XP: Browser Stop key

VK_BROWSER_SEARCH (0xAA)
Windows 2000/XP: Browser Search key

VK_BROWSER_FAVORITES (0xAB)
Windows 2000/XP: Browser Favorites key

VK_BROWSER_HOME (0xAC)
Windows 2000/XP: Browser Start and Home key

VK_VOLUME_MUTE (0xAD)
Windows 2000/XP: Volume Mute key

VK_VOLUME_DOWN (0xAE)
Windows 2000/XP: Volume Down key

VK_VOLUME_UP (0xAF)
Windows 2000/XP: Volume Up key

VK_MEDIA_NEXT_TRACK (0xB0)
Windows 2000/XP: Next Track key

VK_MEDIA_PREV_TRACK (0xB1)
Windows 2000/XP: Previous Track key

VK_MEDIA_STOP (0xB2)
Windows 2000/XP: Stop Media key

VK_MEDIA_PLAY_PAUSE (0xB3)
Windows 2000/XP: Play/Pause Media key

VK_LAUNCH_MAIL (0xB4)
Windows 2000/XP: Start Mail key

VK_LAUNCH_MEDIA_SELECT (0xB5)
Windows 2000/XP: Select Media key

VK_LAUNCH_APP1 (0xB6)
Windows 2000/XP: Start Application 1 key

VK_LAUNCH_APP2 (0xB7)
Windows 2000/XP: Start Application 2 key

B6 Application 1 就是我的电脑
B7 Application 2 就是计算器

为了更方便的实现这些功能,我编了一段简单的vbs
  1. a=chr(&h88b5)
  2. 'msgbox "d" & a & "d"
  3. CreateObject("wscript.shell").Sendkeys a
复制代码
简单的解释一下
a=chr(&h88b5)
'“&h”表示后面的数是十六进制数,b5代表Media key,也就是媒体播放器(比如千千静听),为什么前面要加88呢?加了88以后,有两个字节,也就构成了一个汉字(是GBK里的),因为a代表的字符若不是真正有意义的字符(比如ASCII字符和汉字),sendkeys就不会起作用,大家可以试一下。至于为什么选择88,因为在msdn里写着(0x88-8F)Unassigned,同时88为开头的字符可以组成有意义的GBK汉字。
  1. 'msgbox "d" & a & "d"
  2. '可以测试a是不是有意义的字符
  3. CreateObject("wscript.shell").Sendkeys a
  4. '调用SendKeys方法。
复制代码

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